The Fondo Rossiano (1,196 manuscripts, 6,000 rare prints and 2,500 incunabula) was added in 1921. The Vatican Apostolic Library. A series called Studi e Testi was begun in 1900 by Father Francis Ehrle, S. J., the First Curator, to publish scholarship on the Vatican Library collections. The Fondo Capponiano (288 codices) was bequeathed in 1746. Manuscripts were very frequently given to the popes, and through the exercise of the Law of Spoils the church fell heir to the possessions of the prelates. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. The monastery in Assisi was sacked in 1310. a. stickler, Vatican Library: Its History and Treasures (Vatican City 1989). Known as Vatican II, … History, facts and figures, innovations and cultural adventures. No one knows the contents of the entire library. Check. At the time of Nicholas's death, the first catalogue indicated that there were between 1200 and 1500 volumes in the papal collection but no special depository for them. However, the third secret was always kept under wraps, as it was deemed that mankind was not ready for it. A significant stage in the modern development of the library occurred under Pius XI (1922–1939). The archives were establish… Although there is no way to tell just how many of the documents filed away in the corridors of this vast archive are truly shadowy secrets willfully hidden away from the world, the Vatican Secret Archives are nevertheless a fascinating place that most people will never see. The truth behind the secret archives stems from a mistranslation of Latin. The Emperor Constantine gave Melchiades (311–14) the imperial residence on the Caelian Hill, named after the Lateran family. The acquisitions, space and prestige of the Vatican Library continued to grow in the 16th century. Until 1622 codices received at the Vatican Library were classified according to their contents, with special categories for Sacred Scripture, the Fathers of the Church, the Scholastics, liturgy, hagiography, homiletics, canon law, the classics, and the neo-Latin works. In 1689 part of the Fondo Reginense (the collection of Queen Christina of Sweden) was sold to Alexander VIII (1689–1691). Three years ago, however, the Vatican decided to the celebrate the Archive's 400th anniversary by making 100 items available for public viewing for … In order to accommodate the flood of new collections, Sixtus V (1585–1590) had Domenico Fontana design, between 1587 and 1589, a new building that divided the Belvedere courtyard from the Pigna courtyard. Its primary access is to books: 500,000 cards are accessible, which provide information about more than a million printed volumes. In 1612 Paul V (1605–21) created a separate archives section by bring ing together materials from the library of Castel Sant'Angelo, the Apostolic Camera, and other official offices. Casina Pio IV– beautiful patrician villa, now serves as the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. The Vatican’s Secret Archives, aka Archivum Secretum Apostolicum Vaticanum, are subject to wild conspiracy theories, and for good reason.With a name like that, who wouldn’t speculate? Leo X (1513–1521) initiated a search for manuscripts all over Europe and the Orient by employing "book hunters" such as Johann Heitmers and Fausto Sabeo. Why the library is closed to the public Library expert Father Michael Collins explains why the Vatican Library is off-limits to the public. Inside the walls are a large church called Saint Peter’s Basilica, the Vatican Palace, and other buildings. The whole collection was finally inventoried from 1988 to 1997 and entered into a database (ISTC). The Vatican Library began as the Library of the popes, for since the beginning of papal times the popes. The Lateran Palace provided a location for the residence (including a library and archives) and central administration of the church for almost 1,000 years. The Vatican Library at the time of Sixtus V was already the most important library of its epoch and in time it collected many antiquity and medieval works in Latin and Greek. Rumor has it that, deep inside its vaults, the Vatican has proof of something that could send the faithful running. The growing influence of the library became reflected in new ecclesiastical titles. Fourth or Fifth Century CE), Vatterott College (Kansas City): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (Kansas City): Tabular Data, Vatterott College (Oklahoma City): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (Oklahoma City): Tabular Data, Vatterott College (Omaha): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (Springfield): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (Springfield): Tabular Data, Vatterott College (St. Ann): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (St. Ann): Tabular Data, Vatterott College (St. Joseph): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (St. Joseph): Tabular Data, Vatterott College (St. Louis): Narrative Description, Vatterott College (St. Louis): Tabular Data, Vatterott College (Tulsa): Narrative Description, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vatican-library. He appointed well-known scholars to manage the library and to enforce the rules of Sixtus IV. Why it matters: Digitizing library archives can provide an invaluable backup should the originals be lost or destroyed, but they're also vulnerable to cyberattacks. Catalogues and descriptions of the library's collections became essential for access to the materials and were published in 1880, 1885, and 1886. Occasionally the Vatican will open parts of the archives to those other than academic researchers, such as it did in 2012, when some select sections were open to journalists in celebration of the archive’s 400th anniversary, but for the most part they are still largely shrouded in deep mystery. The Vatican Library is the prototypical modern research library of western culture. Kate Marcelin-Rice. Two of the secrets were revealed in Lúcia’s memoirs, with the first being a vision of Hell and the second being a prophetic vision that World War I would end. St. Catherine’s Monastery. 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